Olmstead, M.C. & Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2015).  Comparative Cognition.  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.


Olmstead, M.C. & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2015). Comparative Cognition Instructor’s Manual.  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.  (Online)


Rutherford, M.D. & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (Eds.) (2013).  Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.

Refereed Journal Articles, Commentaries, & Reviews

MacGowan, T.L., Karasewich, T.A., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (accepted). Developmental and evolutionary models of social fear can address "the human fear paradox".  Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Holden, O.L., Norris, M.E., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2021).  Academic integrity in online assessment: A research review.  Frontiers in Education, 6, 258.  

Hilton, B.C., O'Neill, AC., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2021).  Emerging selectivity: Group membership and early prosociality.  Journal of Cognition and Development, 22(2), 267-280.

Kuhlmeier, V.A., Karasewich, T.A., & Olmstead, M.C. (2020).  Teaching animal learning and cognition: Adapting to the online environment.  Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews, 15, 187-198. [Supplemental Materials]

Lamontagne, S. J., Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Olmstead, M.C.  (2020).  Comparative cognition and cognitive ecology in the classroom. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 74, 176-182.

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Karasewich, T.A., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2020).  Trait social anxiety as a conditional adaptation: A developmental and evolutionary framework.  Developmental Review, 55, 100886.

[View Preprint]


Karasewich, T.A., Kuhlmeier, V.A., Beier, J.S., & Dunfield, K.A.  (2019).  Getting help for others: An examination of indirect helping in young children.  Developmental Psychology, 55, 606-611.  

[View Preprint]  [View Data and Supplementary Materials]


Hilton, B.C., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2019). Intention attribution and the development of moral evaluation.  Frontiers in Psychology: Developmental Psychology, 9:2663.


Dunfield, K.A., Best, L.J., Kelley, E.A., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2019).  Motivating moral behavior: Helping, sharing, and comforting in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Frontiers in Psychology: Developmental Psychology, 10:25.


O'Neill, A.C., Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Craig, W. (2018).  Examining the association between parenting and psychosomatic problems:  Self-esteem as a mediator across ages in early adolescence.  International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 24(2), 137-148.


O'Neill, A.C., Swigger, K., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2018). Make The Connection’ parenting skills program: a controlled trial of associated improvement in maternal attitudes.  Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 36(5), 536-547.

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Sabbagh, M.A., Koenig, M.A., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2016). Conceptual constraints and mechanisms in children’s selective social learning.  Developmental Science, 20, e12415.


Robson, S.J., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2016).  Infants’ understanding of object-directed action: An interdisciplinary synthesis.  Frontiers in Psychology: Developmental Psychology, 7:111.

Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Olmstead, M.C. (2016).  Keep Calm and Comp. Cog. On – Commentary on ‘A crisis in comparative psychology: where have all the undergraduates gone?’  Frontiers in Psychology: Comparative Psychology, 7:20.


Robson, S.J., Lee, V., Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Rutherford, M.D. (2014).  Infants use contextual contingency to guide their interpretation of others' goal-directed behavior.  Cognitive Development, 31, 69-78.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., Dunfield, K. A., & O’Neill, A. (2014).  Selectivity in early prosocial behavior. Frontiers in Psychology: Developmental Psychology, 5, 1-6.


Dunfield, K.A. & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013).  Classifying prosocial behaviour: children’s responses to instrumental need, emotional distress, and material desire. Child Development, 84, 1766-1776.


Dunfield, K.A., Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Murphy, L. (2013). Children's use of communicative intent in the selection of cooperative partners.  PLOS One, 8 (4): e61804.


Lee, V. & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013).  Young children show a dissociation in looking and pointing behavior in falling events.  Cognitive Development, 28, 21-30.


Dunfield, K.A., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013).  Evidence for partner choice in toddlers: Considering the breadth of other-oriented behaviours. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 88-89. [Commentary on: ]


Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Robson, S.J.  (2012).  Diagnosing goal attribution: commentary on Hernik and Southgate.  Developmental Science, 15, 725-726.


Dunfield, K.A., Kuhlmeier, V.A., O’Connell, L., & Kelley, E.  (2011).  Examining the diversity of prosocial behavior:  helping, sharing, and comforting in infancy. Infancy, 16(3), 227-247.


Newman, G.E., Keil, F.C., Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Wynn, K.  (2010). Early understandings of the link between agents and order.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, 17140-17145.


Camilleri, J.A., Kuhlmeier, V.A., Chu, J.Y.Y.  (2010). Recognizing helpers and hinderers depends on behavioral intentions of the character and psychopathic characteristics of the observer. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 303-316.


Dunfield, K.A., & Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2010).  Intention-mediated selective helping in infancy. Psychological Science, 21, 523-527.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., Troje, N., and Lee, V.  (2010). Young infants detect the direction of biological motion in point-light displays.  Infancy, 15, 83-93.


Yamaguchi, M., Kuhlmeier, V.A., Wynn, K., & vanMarle, K.  (2009).  Continuity in social cognition from infancy to childhood.  Developmental Science, 12, 746-752.

Hallinan, E.V., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2008). Ontongeny, phylogeny, and the relational reinterpretation hypothesis.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 138-139.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Tzelnic, T.  (2007). How infants predict other people’s behavior.  Scientific American: Mind Matters.


Kuhlmeier, V.A. & Birch, S.A.J.  (2005).  Steps toward categorizing ‘motivation’:  Abilities, limitations, and conditional constraints.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 706-707.


Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2005).  Symbolic insight and perseveration: Two problems facing young children on symbolic retrieval tasks.  Journal of Cognition and Development, 6, 365-380.

Kuhlmeier, V.A., Bloom, P., & Wynn, K.  (2004).  Do 5-month-old infants see humans as material objects?  Cognition, 94, 95-103.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., Wynn, K., & Bloom, P.  (2004).  People v. Objects: A reply to Rakison and Chicchino.  Cognition, 94, 109-112.


Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2004).  An inclusive primate psychology: Review of Primate PsychologyAmerican Scientist, September-October.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., Wynn, K., & Bloom, P.  (2003).  Attribution of Dispositional States by 12-month-olds.  Psychological Science, 14, 402-408.


Kuhlmeier, V.A. & Bloom, P.  (2003).  You can dance if you want to.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25, 630-631. 


Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Boysen, S.T.  (2002).  Chimpanzees' recognition of the spatial and object similarities between a scale model and its referent.  Psychological Science, 13, 60-63.


Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2002).  Review of Matsuzawa, T. (Ed.), Primate Origins of Human Cognition and BehaviorAnimal Behaviour, 63, 829-830.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Boysen, S.T.  (2001).  The effect of response contingencies on chimpanzee scale model task performance.  Journal of Comparative Psychology, 115, 300-306.


Kuhlmeier, V.A.; Boysen, S.T; & Mukobi, K.M.  (1999).  Scale model comprehension by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).  Journal of Comparative Psychology, 113 (4), 396-402.

Book Chapters

Olmstead, M.C., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (in press). Comparative Cognition.  In A.R. Ridley, P. d'Ettorre, & T.M. Freeberg (Eds.), Rutledge Handbook of Comparative Psychology. Oxfordshire, UK: Rutledge.

Kuhlmeier, V.A., Karasewich, T., & Dunfield, K.A. (2020).  Selective prosocial behavior in early childhood.  In J. Decety (Ed.), The Social Brain: A Developmental Perspective (pp. 247-262). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Kuhlmeier, V. A., Mayne, K., & Craig, W. (2019). Developmental psychology. In M. E. Norris (Ed.), The Canadian Handbook for Careers in Psychological Science. Kingston, ON: eCampus Ontario. Licensed under CC BY NC 4.0.

Robson, S.J., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2017). Pretend Play.  In J. Vonk & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. New York, NY: Springer.


Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2017). Sarah “Sally” Boysen.  In J. Vonk & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. New York, NY: Springer.


Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013). The social perception of helping and hindering. In M.D. Rutherford & V.A. Kuhlmeier (Eds.), Social Perception.  Cambridge, MA: MIT/Bradford Press.


Rutherford, M.D., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013).  The interdisciplinary study of social perception.  In M.D. Rutherford & V.A. Kuhlmeier (Eds.), Social Perception.  Cambridge, MA: MIT/Bradford Press.


Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013). Disposition attribution in infancy. In M. Banaji, & S. Gelmen (Eds.), Navigating the Social World:  What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us.  Oxford University Press.


Sabbagh, M., Benson, J., & Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2013).  False belief understanding in preschoolers and infants. In M. Legerstee, D. Haley, and M. Bornstein (Eds.), The Infant Mind: Origins of the Social Brain, Guilford Press.


Kuhlmeier, V.A., & Boysen, S.T.  (2003).  Animal Cognition.  In Macmillan Publishers Limited, Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science.


Boysen, S.T. & Kuhlmeier, V.A..  (2002).  Representational capacities for pretense with scale models and photographs in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).  In R. Mitchell (Ed.), Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children.


Boysen, S.T., & Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2002). Representational Capacities in the Chimpanzees: Numerical and Spatial Reasoning.  In B.M.F. Galdikas, N.E. Briggs, L.K. Sheeran, G.L. Shapiro, and J. Goodall (Eds.), All Apes Great and Small Volume 1:  African Apes. Hingham, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 


Boysen, S.T., & Kuhlmeier, V.A.  (2001).  Conceptual capacities of chimpanzees. In B.Beck et al. (Eds.), Great Apes and Humans:  The Ethics of Coexistence.  Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Institution Press.


Boysen, S.T.; Kuhlmeier, V.A.; Halliday, P.; & Halliday, Y.  (1999).  Tool use in captive gorillas. In S. Parker,  R.W. Mitchell & H.L. Miles (Eds.), The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans: Comparative Perspectives (pp.179-187).  New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Science Communication & Knowledge Translation

Jones, S.V.R., & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2020).  How do police dogs learn to do their job?  Frontiers for Young Minds.